Early American History Exam # 2 - Ziegler
Early American History Exam # 2 - Ziegler


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Early American History Exam # 2 Multiple Choice Quiz Untitled EXAM # 2

Chapters 5-10


1) After Lexington and Concord,
A) independence immediately became an American war aim.
B) Congress rejected the "Olive Branch Petition" that was an effort at reconciliation with Britain.
C) the minutemen advanced on Montreal and Quebec.
D) people immediately viewed independence as a war aim, but it took Congress over a year to concur.
E) it took almost a year for independence to become a primary war aim.

2) Thomas Paine's Common Sense is an important work because it
A) helped Americans reconcile their differences with England.
B) persuaded Americans that no reconciliation with Britain was possible.
C) supported the concept of the English constitution.
D) argued that Parliament, not the King, was the enemy.
E) argued that William Pitt could be reasonably dealt with.

3 The American Revolution is referred to as the ‘shot heard round the world’ because
A) It recognized that government got its power from the people
B) It recognized that people got their rights from God or nature, not government
C) It denied that rulers get their power from God
D) It has inspired this kind of debate around the world
E) All of the above

4) The Declaration of Independence stated that governments were formed to
A) give men an opportunity to exert power.
B) reward loyal servants of the state.
C) promote democracy.
D) control every aspect of human thought and action.
E) protect a person's God-given rights to life, freedom, and right to pursue happiness.

5) After the initial surge of patriotism, American troops
A) came primarily from volunteers.
B) immediately came under the control of the federal government.
C) came from both conscription and payment of bounties.
D) were primarily paid substitutes.
E) increasingly were composed of friendly Indians and freed slaves.

6) The Continental Congress under the Articles of Confederation
A) prohibited slavery in the Great Lakes area
B) banned primo genitur allowing anyone including women to inherit property
C) expanded the right to vote including in some instances to women
D) created townships to survey, sell, settle, and govern land west of the Appalachians
E) all of the above

7) Britain enjoyed all of the following advantages in the Revolution EXCEPT
A) the greatest navy and the best-equipped army in the world.
B) superior industrial resources.
C) greater commitment to the conflict.
D) a coherent structure of command.
E) None of these answers is correct.

8) Congress did not finance the revolution by
A) selling bonds.
B) minting gold and silver coins.
C) borrowing from other nations.
D) taxing the wealthy.
E) printing paper money.

9) The choice of George Washington as commander in chief was a good one because of his
A) knowledge of military affairs.
B) Masonic connections with European grand lodges.
C) successful military experience in the Great War for the Empire.
D) relaxed, informal way with his men.
E) image among the people, who trusted and respected him.

10) After a year of war, the British realized
A) they had a better chance of success in the South where Tory support was stronger.
B) the war had become more than just a local phenomenon around Boston.
C) the American invasion of Canada had taken away a substantial amount of British territory.
D) that they could win the war by taking Boston.
E) they could win with a naval blockade.

11) Which of these ideas from the American Revolution have spread through the world?
A) government gets its power from the people
B) a written constitution to limit government
C) rights come from out nature as human beings
D) government is set up by people to protect their rights
E) all of the above

12) John Burgoyne's surrender at Saratoga
A) convinced the French that they should help the Americans.
B) caused the British to consider giving up the fight.
C) made George Washington a military hero.
D) had little effect on the war in the long run.
E) led the British to concede New England to the Americans.

13) After 1777, the British decided to focus their efforts in the South because
A) there was less population there.
B) they believed there were more Loyalists there.
C) they thought slaves would help them.
D) they had more Indian allies there.
E) they believed the terrain to be more favorable to conventional tactics.

14) The treason of Benedict Arnold
A) shocked American forces.
B) came as no surprise since he was not highly regarded.
C) led to the surrender of the fort at West Point.
D) resulted in Arnold's hanging.
E) resulted in a shakeup of the American high command.

15) The British were forced to surrender at Yorktown because
A) Clinton ordered Cornwallis to surrender.
B) Washington was able to defeat the British in the field.
C) Americans were finally better trained than the British.
D) the British commander underestimated the size of Washington's army.
E) French troops and a French fleet helped trap the British.

16) Many of the French troops that helped win American independence were from
A) England
B) France
C) Haiti
D) Germany
E) Quebec

17) During the Revolution, women took on new responsibilities. After the war,
A) things generally went back to the way they were before and few concrete reforms occurred in the status of women.
B) women were able to translate wartime gains into peacetime reforms.
C) women were recognized and honored for their contributions with new careers.
D) women got the right to vote in most northern colonies.
E) women became leading educators.

18) The free black sailor who was first casualty of the American Revolution during the Boston Massacre was
A) Phyllis Wheatley
B) Peter Salem
C) Crispus Attucks
D) Salem Poor
E) Richard Allen

19) If postwar Americans agreed on nothing else, they agreed that
A) there should be no property qualifications to vote.
B) states should have democratic governments.
C) the Articles of Confederation needed to be replaced by a constitution.
D) some men were born to govern and some were born to follow.
E) new governments should be republican.

20) Under the Articles of Confederation, the only institution of national authority was the
A) Supreme Court.
B) Congress.
C) president of the United States.
D) Senate.
E) Post Office.

21) Black colonial poet
A) Phyllis Wheatley
B) Peter Salem
C) Crispus Attucks
D) Salem Poor
E) Richard Allen

22) Parliament passed this hoping to limit the influence of Benjamin Franklin, not to save beavers.
A)Stamp Act
B)Currency Act
C)Iron Act
D)Hat Act

23) This act limited the money supply in the colonies, blocking economic development.
A)Stamp Act
B)Currency Act
C)Iron Act
D)Hat Act

24) The American colonies could not build foundries, forcing them to buy their supply from Britain.
A)Stamp Act
B)Currency Act
C)Iron Act
D)Hat Act

25) Passage of this led Bostonians to tear down the British Governor’s house and brought about formation of a colonial congress.
A)Stamp Act
B)Currency Act
C)Iron Act
D)Hat Act

26) Meetings of colonists who discussed how to promote liberty and limit the growing restrictive powers of government.
A)Writs of assistance
B)Sugar Act
C)Committees of Correspondence
D)Regulators
E)Juntos

27) Organizations of colonists in each colony to try to work together to stop growing British tyranny.
A)Writs of assistance
B)Sugar Act
C)Committees of Correspondence
D)Regulators
E)Juntos

28) Groups of backcountry Carolinians who, sometimes forcefully, protested British colonial policies.
A)Writs of assistance
B)Sugar Act
C)Committees of Correspondence
D)Regulators
E)Juntos

29) 1794 decision by Parliament to tax refined sugar and other colonial made products to discourage their production and force importation from Britain.
A)Writs of assistance
B)Sugar Act
C)Committees of Correspondence
D)Regulators
E)Juntos

30) Allowed unlimited search warrants without cause to look for evidence of smuggling and arms in the colonies.
A)Writs of assistance
B)Sugar Act
C)Committees of Correspondence
D)Regulators
E)Juntos

31) Among their ‘protests’ was the Tea Party.
A)Sons of Liberty
B)Boston Tea Party
C)Intolerable Acts
D) Continental Congress

32) Colonists dressed as Indians protested the Tea Act.
A)Sons of Liberty
B)Boston Tea Party
C)Intolerable Acts
D) Continental Congress

33) 1774 meeting in Philadelphia to formulate actions against British policies and evolved into a kind of provisional government.
A)Sons of Liberty
B)Boston Tea Party
C)Intolerable Acts
D) Continental Congress

34) Four measures of Parliament responding to the Tea Party forcing payment for the tea, blocking trial of British soldiers,
allowing quartering of troops, and reducing the number of elected officials.
A)Sons of Liberty
B)Boston Tea Party
C)Intolerable Acts
D) Continental Congress

35) Tom Paine pamphlet that rallied support for the revolution and articulated
arguments against monarchy and for self-government across the colonies.
A)Lexington Green
B)Bunker Hill
C)Paul Revere
D)Common Sense
E)Peter Salem

36) Colonists gathered to stand against Red Coats coming to take them weapons.
A)Lexington Green
B)Bunker Hill
C)Paul Revere
D)Common Sense
E) Peter Salem

37) Among others, he called the colonists out to gather to stand against the British troops that were coming.
A)Lexington Green
B)Bunker Hill
C)Paul Revere
D)Common Sense
E) Peter Salem

38) First major battle of the Revolution that actually took place at a neighboring location,
and though the Colonial forces were defeated, they showed they could stand against British troops.
A)Lexington Green
B)Bunker Hill
C)Paul Revere
D)Common Sense
E) Peter Salem

39) Black patriot at Bunker Hill.
A)Lexington Green
B)Bunker Hill
C)Paul Revere
D)Common Sense
E) Peter Salem

40) Mercenaries used by British against Americans and attacked by Washington on Christmas after crossing the Delaware.
A)Saratoga
B)Yorktown
C)Treaty of Paris
D)Hessians
E)John Paul Jones

41) Major defeat in New York of British General Burgoyne and more than 5000 redcoats Oct 17, 1777.
A)Saratoga
B)Yorktown
C)Treaty of Paris
D)Hessians
E)John Paul Jones

42) His ship Bon Homme was about all of the Navy the colonists had.
A)Saratoga
B)Yorktown
C)Treaty of Paris
D)Hessians
E)John Paul Jones

43) Signed on Sept 3, 1783, it recognized American independence, established border with Canada,
set Mississippi River as our western border, and ceded Florida to Spain.
A)Saratoga
B)Yorktown
C)Treaty of Paris
D)Hessians
E)John Paul Jones

44) Cornwallis and 7000 British troops surrendered Oct 17, 1781 in Virginia to the combined troops of colonists and French.
A)Saratoga
B)Yorktown
C)Treaty of Paris
D)Hessians
E)John Paul Jones

45) British Governor of Virginia who offered freedom to any slave who joined the British military
A)Shot heard round the world
B)Continental Army
C)Lord Dunmore
D)John Hancock

46) Boston businessman who was major figure in independence movement and president of Continental Congress
at the signing of the Declaration of Independence.
A)Shot heard round the world
B)Continental Army
C)Lord Dunmore
D)John Hancock

47) Makeshift colonial army mostly made up of militias from various colonies.
A)Shot heard round the world
B)Continental Army
C)Lord Dunmore
D)John Hancock

48) Refers to the first shot fired at Lexington Green but also recognizes the impact of the American Revolution on the world,
and its ideas of God-given rights, limited government set up to protect them,
and written constitutions to limit government.
A)Shot heard round the world
B)Continental Army
C)Lord Dunmore
D)John Hancock

49) His ideas published in 1776 book The Wealth of Nations of limited laissez faire government were part of the political economy of the American Revolution.
A)Lafayette
B)Thaddeus Kosciusko
C)Von Stueben
D)Townshend Acts
E)Adam smith

50) French nobleman who helped Washington organize the Continental Army.
A)Lafayette
B)Thaddeus Kosciusko
C)Von Stueben
D)Townshend Acts
E)Adam smith

51) In 1767, Parliament taxed commodities in the colonies, and set up a bureaucracy and courts to control the colonial economy.
A)Lafayette
B)Thaddeus Kosciusko
C)Von Stueben
D)Townshend Acts
E)Adam smith

52) Polish military figure who helped the colonists fight for independence.
A)Lafayette
B)Thaddeus Kosciusko
C)Von Stueben
D)Townshend Acts
E)Adam smith

53) German/Prussian baron who helped the Colonial Army defeat the British.
A)Lafayette
B)Thaddeus Kosciusko
C)Von Stueben
D)Townshend Acts
E)Adam smith

54) During most of American history, women's lives in most states were circumscribed by common law brought to North America by English colonists.
These marriage and property laws, stipulated that a married woman did not have a separate legal existence from her husband, or other male relation.
A)Coverture
B)Montesquieu
C)Blackstone
D)John Locke
E)Prince Whipple

55) British jurist whose writings presaged the Madisonian constitutional checks and balances concept
A)Coverture
B)Montesquieu
C)Blackstone
D)John Locke
E)Prince Whipple

56) French political writer whose ideas in his work Spirit of the Law was a basis for the separation of powers structures of our Constitution
A)Coverture
B)Montesquieu
C)Blackstone
D)John Locke
E)Prince Whipple

57) African born man who came to US to study and was enslaved but became a free man and also was
with Washington crossing the Delaware to attack British mercenaries on Christmas Eve in 1776.
A)Coverture
B)Montesquieu
C)Blackstone
D)John Locke
E)Prince Whipple

58) British natural rights political philosopher whose ideas were expressed in Declaration of Independence
A)Coverture
B)Montesquieu
C)Blackstone
D)John Locke
E)Prince Whipple

59) By 1786, even defenders of the Articles of Confederation accepted the fact that which of the following needed to be strengthened?
A) the power to tax
B) the executive
C) the court system
D) the army
E) the navy

60) Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of the men who attended the Constitutional Convention in 1787?
A) They represented the great property interests.
B) They were relatively young.
C) They believed in limited republican government.
D) They were well-educated.
E) They were all highly respected.

61) James Madison's Virginia Plan proposed
A) revision and strengthening of the Articles of Confederation.
B) larger influence within a new national government for the richer and more populous states.
C) a unicameral national legislature with equal representation for the states.
D) a bicameral national legislature with state representatives in both houses chosen by popular vote.
E) the direct election of the president.

62)The most important issue not yet addressed when the Constitutional Convention adjourned was
A) the question of actually counting slaves as part of the population for representation.
B) whether to have an executive or not.
C) the absence of a list of individual rights.
D) the question of the power of the national government to tax.
E) where to locate the national capitol.

63) The Antifederalists did all of the following EXCEPT
A) present themselves as the true protectors of the principles of the Revolution.
B) fear the potential for despotism in a strong centralized government.
C) argue that the Constitution would increase taxes, weaken the states, and abolish individual liberties.
D) argue that the Constitution represented the rights of the "well born" at the expense of the common people.
E) show a basic faith in human nature and man's ability to wield power justly.

64) Which of the following was NOT addressed by the first Congress under the new Constitution?
A) a bill of rights
B) a federal court system
C) an executive department
D) the role of political parties in the election of a president
E) None of these answers is correct.

65) The Constitution's most distinctive feature was its
A) separation of "powers" with "checks and balances."
B) system for the direct election of the executive.
C) lack of a national judicial system.
D) single house legislature.
E) lack of amendment provisions.

66) The number of Supreme Court justices was determined by
A) Article III of the Constitution.
B) the chief justice.
C) the president.
D) a popular vote.
E) Congress.

67) To prevent an "excess of democracy" and the tyranny of mob rule, the Constitution restricted direct popular election of
A) the president.
B) federal judges.
C) senators.
D) representatives.
E) All these answers are correct.

68)Senators were to be chosen by
A) the voters in each state
B) the state legislatures
C) governors
D) electoral college

69) President Washington helped stabilize the western frontier by
A) putting down the Whiskey Rebellion.
B) allowing existing states to incorporate additional land claims.
C) refusing to bargain with Indian resistance leaders.
D) relieving General "Mad Anthony" Wayne of his command.
E) discovering white settlements of the Ohio Valley and the Great Lakes region.

70) Jefferson and his followers believed the Federalists were creating a political party because they were
A) using their offices to reward supporters and win allies.
B) forming local associations to strengthen their stand in local communities.
C) working to establish a national network of influence.
D) forming caucuses of elected officials.
E) All these answers are correct.

71) Wayne State University in Detroit which your professor attended was named for
A) Bruce Wayne
B) Wayne Newton
C) Anthony Wayne
D) Wayne Gretsky
E) Lil Wayne

72) Which of the following was NOT a belief held by Jefferson and his followers?
A) The ordinary farmer-citizen could, if properly educated, be trusted to govern through elected representatives.
B) Urban people posed a danger to a republic because they could easily become a lawless mob.
C) The best citizen was one who tilled his own soil.
D) Commercial activity was a danger to the republic.
E) None of these answers is correct.

73) Although the treaty between England and the United States that John Jay negotiated in 1794 fell short of his instructions, it did
A) little to improve commercial relations with England.
B) give America undisputed sovereignty over the entire Northwest.
C) end the impressments of American soldiers.
D) indicate that the United States and France were not going to war.
E) end the impressments of American soldiers and indicated that the United States and France were not going to war.

74) In the election of 1796,
A) Thomas Jefferson was the choice of southern Federalists.
B) the Federalist Party united behind Adams.
C) George Washington took an active role.
D) the Federalist Party divided when southern Federalists refused to support Adams.
E) Hamilton favored Jefferson over Adams.

75) Democratic-Republicans pinned their hopes for a reversal of the Alien and Sedition Acts on the
A) Supreme Court.
B) Senate.
C) House of Representatives.
D) Army of the United States.
E) state legislatures.

76) The "quasi war" with France
A) was started by American impressments of French sailors.
B) led to a series of humiliating defeats for the American navy.
C) led to the XYZ Affair.
D) helped the Federalists to increase their Congressional majorities.
E) helped the Republicans win control of Congress in 1798.

77) Which of the following is NOT true of the campaign and election of 1800?
A) It was one of the ugliest in American history.
B) Parties and party organization played an important role.
C) It underscored problems in the method of electing a president.
D) It resulted in a clear victory for the winning candidate.
E) It created the first urban political machine.

78) The Federalists made a last gasp attempt to maintain power by
A) repealing the Alien and Sedition Acts.
B) supporting Aaron Burr for president.
C) creating new federal courts and judges.
D) plotting a revolution to prevent the election of Jefferson.
E) expanding the number of Supreme Court justices.

79) Which of the following was NOT accomplished by Pinckney's Treaty?
A) Spain recognized America's right to navigate the Mississippi River.
B) The northern boundary of Florida was fixed at the 31st parallel.
C) The Spanish would prevent Florida Indians from attacking the U.S.
D) The city of New Orleans was transferred to the U.S.
E) None of these answers is correct.

80) Which of the following about the Alien and Sedition Acts is NOT true?
A) They were some of the most controversial legislation in American history.
B) They were roundly protested by the Federalists of New England.
C) They discouraged immigration and encouraged foreigners to leave.
D) They were invoked to arrest Republican newspaper editors.
E) They strengthened the president's hand in dealing with aliens.

81) This was greatly expanded under the constitutional regime created in 1789.
A) Republic
B) Suffrage
C) Loyalists
D) Lemuel Haynes
E) Gabriel Prosser

82) A representative democracy A) Republic
B) Suffrage
C) Loyalists
D) Lemuel Haynes
E) Gabriel Prosser

83) Hanged as leader of a planned slave revolt in Virginia about 1800. A) Republic
B) Suffrage
C) Loyalists
D) Lemuel Haynes
E) Gabriel Prosser

84) Colonists who supported the Crown and opposed the Revolution. A) Republic
B) Suffrage
C) Loyalists
D) Lemuel Haynes
E) Gabriel Prosser

85) Black member of Massachusetts militia who argued for an expanded conception of freedom that would include black people. A) Republic
B) Suffrage
C) Loyalists
D) Lemuel Haynes
E) Gabriel Prosser

86) To win ratification of the Constitution, states such as Virginia insisted that this be added by amendment. A) Federalist
B) Land Ordinance
C) Northwest Ordinance
D) Bill of Rights
E) Salem Poor

87) African-American slave who purchased his freedom, became a revolutionary soldier, and rose to fame as a war hero during the American Revolutionary War, fighting for instance at the battle of Charleston. A) Federalist
B) James Madison
C) Northwest Ordinance
D) Bill of Rights
E) Salem Poor

88) Passed by the Continental Congress under the Articles of Confederation in 1787, it laid out the
surveying of land in the Great Lakes area for sale, settlement, and raising revenue, created townships,
outlawed primo genitur and slavery, and allowed for creation of 5 – 7 states,
a procedure followed subsequently in creating other states. A) Federalist
B) Land Ordinance
C) Northwest Ordinance
D) Bill of Rights
E) Salem Poor

89) Sometimes called the “Father of the Constitution” A) Federalist
B) Land Ordinance
C) Northwest Ordinance
D) Bill of Rights
E) Salem Poor

90) Collection of article, pamphlets, and other writings describing what the Framers meant the Constitution to do, which helped win its ratification. A) Federalist
B) Land Ordinance
C) Northwest Ordinance
D) Bill of Rights
E) Salem Poor

91) Convention called for 1785 to which too few delegates were sent by colonies to deal with the economic and political crises in the Colonies,
but which issued a call for a convention a year later to ‘revise’ the Articles of Confederation.
A) Montesquieu
B) Daniel Shay
C) Publius
D) Annapolis
E) Toussaint L’Ouverture

92) Led a slave revolution in Haiti against French rule in 1791. A) Montesquieu
B) Daniel Shay
C) Publius
D) Annapolis
E) Toussaint L’Ouverture

93) American revolution leader who led a famer rebellion against urban rule and overtaxation, etc in Massachusetts in 1786 which demonstrated the shortcomings
of the government under the Articles of Confederation.
A) Montesquieu
B) Daniel Shay
C) Publius
D) Annapolis
E) Toussaint L’Ouverture

94) Madison, Hamilton, and John Jay wrote a collection of arguments for the Constitution under this pseudonym. A) Montesquieu
B) Daniel Shay
C) Publius
D) Annapolis
E) Toussaint L’Ouverture

95) French political scientist who book Spirit of the Laws inspired the separation of powers that was built into the Constitution. A) Montesquieu
B) Daniel Shay
C) Publius
D) Annapolis
E) Toussaint L’Ouverture

96) United States and Great Britain averted war, resolved issues remaining since the Treaty of Paris of 1783
and facilitated ten years of peaceful trade between the United States and Britain in the midst of the French Revolutionary Wars,
which began in 1792. Designed by Alexander Hamilton and supported by President George Washington, it angered France and bitterly divided Americans.
A)National Bank
B)XYZ Affair
C)Jay Treaty
D)Alien and Sedition Acts
E)Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

97) Early in the administration of John Adams, involving a confrontation between the United States and Republican France
that led to an undeclared war called the Quasi-War, an American diplomatic commission was sent to France in July 1797 to negotiate problems that were threatening to break out into war.
A)National Bank
B)XYZ Affair
C)Jay Treaty
D)Alien and Sedition Acts
E)Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

98) Political statements drafted in 1798 and 1799, in which the legislatures took the position that the federal
Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional. The resolutions argued that the states had the right and the duty
to declare unconstitutional acts of Congress that were not authorized by the Constitution.
A)National Bank
B)XYZ Affair
C)Jay Treaty
D)Alien and Sedition Acts
E)Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

99) Four bills passed by the Federalist Congress and signed into law by President John Adams in 1798
which made it harder for an immigrant to become a citizen, allowed the president to imprison and deport non-citizens who were deemed dangerous,
or who were from a hostile nation, and criminalized making false statements that were critical of the federal government
The Federalists argued that the bills strengthened national security during an undeclared naval war with France.
A)National Bank
B)XYZ Affair
C)Jay Treaty
D)Alien and Sedition Acts
E)Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

100) Originally referred to the revolutionary-era Bank of North America, later, First Bank of the United States,
or its successor the Second Bank of the United States. or its successor the Second Bank of the United States,
created by Hamilton to foster economic and industrial development.
A)National Bank
B)XYZ Affair
C)Jay Treaty
D)Alien and Sedition Acts
E)Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

101) Operated from North Africa, based primarily in the ports of Salé, Rabat, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli,
disrupting trade, seizing people as slaves, and paid by Jefferson to leave US trade alone.
A)Marbury
B)Louisiana
C)Barbary Pirates
D)Hartford
E)Mosquito Fleet

102) In 1803, the United States purchased approximately 828,000,000 square miles of territory from
France, thereby doubling the size of the young republic. Jefferson felt he did not have the authority to do this.
It stretched from the Mississippi River in the east to the Rocky Mountains in the west and from the Gulf of Mexico
in the south to the Canadian border in the north. Part or all of 15 states were eventually created from the land deal.
A)Marbury
B)Louisiana
C)Barbary Pirates
D)Hartford
E)Mosquito Fleet

103) A few weeks before his term as president was over, John Adams signed into law the Judiciary Act of 1801,
which reorganized the federal court system. The “midnight judges” were selected by President John Adams,
who signed appointments up until midnight on his last day in office. Jefferson’s action against this, led to the first case of judicial review.
A)Marbury
B)Louisiana
C)Barbary Pirates
D)Hartford
E)Mosquito Fleet

104) In the face of conflict with the British and the Barbary Pirates, Jefferson reduced the Navy to this
A)Marbury
B)Louisiana
C)Barbary Pirates
D)Hartford
E)Mosquito Fleet

105) A series of meetings from December 15, 1814 – January 5, 1815, , in which the New England Federalist Party met to discuss their grievances concerning the ongoing War of 1812 and the political
problems arising from the federal government's increasing power.
A)Marbury
B)Louisiana
C)Barbary Pirates
D)Hartford
E)Mosquito Fleet

106) A general prohibition of trade enacted by the United States Congress against Great Britain and France during the Napoleonic Wars, crippling the American economy.
A)Lewis and Clark
B)Impressment
C)Embargo
D)New Orleans
E)Stephan Decatur

107) Seizure of US citizens and sailors to serve in British navy.
A)Lewis and Clark
B)Impressment
C)Embargo
D)New Orleans
E)Stephan Decatur

108) From May 1804 to September 1806, they led what was the first American expedition to cross what
is now the western portion of the United States. It began near St. Louis, made its way westward,
and passed through the continental divide to reach the Pacific coast. Jefferson commissioned the
expedition shortly after the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 to explore and to map the newly acquired
territory, to find a practical route across the western half of the continent, and to establish an
American presence in this territory before Britain and other European powers tried to claim it.
A)Lewis and Clark
B)Impressment
C)Embargo
D)New Orleans
E)Stephan Decatur

109) A series of engagements fought between December 14, 1814 and January 18, 1815, constituting
the last major battle of the War of 1812. Andrew Jackson actually led this after the Treaty of Ghent had been signed because they did not know .
A)Lewis and Clark
B)Impressment
C)Embargo
D)New Orleans
E)Stephan Decatur

110) US Naval officer who sailed into Tripoli without orders from President Jefferson and rescued American being held hostage by Barbary Pirates.
A)Lewis and Clark
B)Impressment
C)Embargo
D)New Orleans
E)Stephan Decatur

111) Mill girls
A)Sacagawea
B)Jacobins
C)Deborah Sampson
D)Lowell
E)American System of Manufactures

A)Sacagawea
B)Jacobins
C)Deborah Sampson
D)Lowell
E)American System of Manufactures

the extensive use of interchangeable parts and mechanization for production, which resulted in more efficient use of labor compared to hand methods
A)Sacagawea
B)Jacobins
C)Deborah Sampson
D)Lowell
E)American System of Manufactures

A)Sacagawea
B)Jacobins
C)Deborah Sampson
D)Lowell
E)American System of Manufactures

chartered mission objectives by exploring the Louisiana Territory.
A)Sacagawea
B)Jacobins
C)Deborah Sampson
D)Lowell
E)American System of Manufactures

116) In 1819, in a second case of judicial review, the Supreme Court ruled that Congress had implied
powers under the Necessary and Proper Clause of Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution to create
the Second Bank of the United States and that the state of Maryland lacked the power to tax the
Bank, saying ‘the power to tax was the power to destroy.’
A)Dartmouth College
B)Gibbons v Ogden
C)McCullough v Maryland
D)John Marshall
E)Judicial Review

117) Power of the courts to examine the actions of the legislative,
executive, and administrative arms of the government and to determine whether such actions are consistent with the constitution.
A)Dartmouth College
B)Gibbons v Ogden
C)McCullough v Maryland
D)John Marshall
E)Judicial Review

118) Third Chief Justice of United States Supreme Court who began to develop judicial review.
A)Dartmouth College
B)Gibbons v Ogden
C)McCullough v Maryland
D)John Marshall
E)Judicial Review

119) 1819 Supreme Court decision which upheld sanctity of contract.
A)Dartmouth College
B)Gibbons v Ogden
C)McCullough v Maryland
D)John Marshall
E)Judicial Review

120) Landmark 1824 decision in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that the power to regulate interstate commerce,
not states, granted to Congress by the Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution, encompassed the power to regulate navigation.
A)Dartmouth College
B)Gibbons v Ogden
C)McCullough v Maryland
D)John Marshall
E)Judicial Review

121) Phrase frequently used by Southern politicians and authors prior to the American Civil War,
indicating the economic and political importance of cotton production.
A)Joseph Smith
B)Brigham Young
C)King Cotton
D)Alexis de Tocqueville
E)Seminole Wars

122) His book Democracy in America analyzed the improved living standards and social conditions of individuals,
as well as their relationship to the free market and limited government, published after his
travels in the United States.
A)Joseph Smith
B)Brigham Young
C)King Cotton
D)Alexis deTocqueville
E)Seminole Wars

123) Founder of Mormonism and the Latter Day Saint movement.
A)Joseph Smith
B)Brigham Young
C)King Cotton
D)Alexis deTocqueville
E)Seminole Wars

124) Three conflicts in Florida between a Native American tribe that formed in Florida in the early 18th century, begun by Andrew Jackson to eliminate their power.
A)Joseph Smith
B)Brigham Young
C)King Cotton
D)Alexis deTocqueville
E)Seminole Wars

125) Led Mormans to settle and farm Utah
A)Joseph Smith
B)Brigham Young
C)King Cotton
D)Alexis deTocqueville
E)Seminole Wars

126)The cotton gin of Eli Whitney
A) improved transportation in the South.
B) spurred the industrial revolution in the American South.
C) made the South a major textile-producing region.
D) led to the decline of slavery, for fewer workers were needed to process cotton.
E) led to the expansion of the cotton culture and slavery.

127) The mass production of Eli Whitney
A) was used to manufacture guns
B) took place at Harpers Ferry
C) fueled the industrial revolution
D) eventually made slavery uneconomical
E) all of the above

128) In the case of Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court
A) denied Adams's right to make "midnight judicial appointments."
B) established the precedent for judicial review.
C) confirmed the power of Congress to expand judicial authority.
D) ordered Madison to deliver Marbury's commission.

129) The greatest accomplishment of Chief Justice John Marshall was that he
A) stopped the growth of Republican power.
B) prevented a Federalist revival in New England.
C) refused to expand the power of the judiciary.
D) made the judiciary effectively a coequal branch of government.
E) prevented New England from seceding.

130) Jefferson had reservations about buying Louisiana because
A) he doubted his constitutional power to do so.
B) he feared it would upset western Indian tribes.
C) New Orleans had few Americans living there.
D) the Spanish claimed the territory as theirs.
E) because he feared it would lead to a war with Spain.

131) The apparent goal of the "Burr conspiracy" was to
A) make Burr "king" of a slave empire of the Caribbean, south, and Mexico
B) invade Mexico and take it from the Spanish.
C) return Louisiana to France.
D) force Jefferson to accept Burr back into the Republican Party.
E) assassinate Hamilton.

132) Early in the nineteenth century, the American merchant marine could be described as
A) weak and ineffective.
B) one of the most important in the world.
C) unable to compete with Britain in the West Indian trade.
D) of little consequence in the American economy.
E) composed mostly of privateers.

133) The Embargo act hurt which of the following most?
A) England
B) France
C) New England
D) the South
E) Holland

134) The Prophet, Tenskwatawa, was significant because he
A) brought Indians to the Christian faith.
B) was Tecumseh's brother.
C) advocated a religious war with southern tribes.
D) convinced the Indians to accept Jefferson's policies.
E) inspired an Indian religious revival that helped unite the tribes.

135) Tecumseh was important because he:
A) advocated Indian unity to stop white expansion.
B) allied the northwestern Indians with the British in Canada.
C) was able to defeat the Americans at Tippecanoe.
D) helped his brother, the Prophet, in his religious work.
E) became a British army general.

136) The Hartford Convention was held in an effort to
A) force Republicans to address the grievances New England Federalists had against the Madison administration.
B) forge an alliance between the Northeast and the West.
C) convince Republicans in New England that the region should secede from the union.
D) reorganize the Federalist Party and pick a candidate for the election of 1816.
E) respond to the need to establish a modern insurance industry.

137) The Missouri crisis stood in sharp contrast to the general tone of the nation at the time because
A) it resulted in a compromise between slave and free interests at a time when these powers were locked in permanent conflict.
B) it went against the general feelings of unity and nationalism prevalent in the nation at the time.
C) it represented a significant bump in the otherwise smooth process of western settlement.
D) it led to calls for colonization of slaves at a time when support for emancipation was growing quickly.
E) All these answers are correct.

138) The Second National Bank of the United States
A) prevented state banks from issuing currency.
B) could not gain control of the industry away from state banks.
C) was essentially the same institution supported by Alexander Hamilton a generation before.
D) encountered strong opposition to its charter in Congress.
E) made counterfeiting difficult.

139) Which of the following did NOT occur after the War of 1812?
A) Commerce revived and expanded.
B) An economic boom was followed by a disastrous bust.
C) All banking was left to the states.
D) Westward expansion accelerated dramatically.
E) The federal government starting financing internal improvements.

140) After peace was restored, "infant industries" that prospered during the war
A) were strong enough to withstand British competition.
B) expanded into foreign markets.
C) were competitive with foreign markets.
D) demanded that the government protect them from foreign competition.
E) collapsed under pressure from British competition.

141)The Second Bank of the United States was going to deal with the nation's currency problem by
A) prohibiting state banks from issuing notes.
B) using its size and power to compel state banks to issue sound notes or go out of business.
C) using only gold and silver as currency.
D) dealing only with major land speculators.
E) regulating the issuance of state bank notes.

142)According to "nationalists" in the government, "internal improvements" should be financed by
A) a series of local, internal improvement taxes.
B) user fees or tolls.
C) the states in which the "improvements" are made.
D) private investments.
E) the national government.

143)The American "mountain men"
A) refused to consort with Mexican or Indian women.
B) were closely tied to the expanding market economy of the United States.
C) generally got to keep the bulk of their profits.
D) established towns and villages to escape the isolation of the frontier.
E) banded together to found the Rocky Mountain Fur Company.

144)The administration of President James Monroe was called the "era of good feelings" because
A) it was a time of relatively few factional disputes and partisan divisions.
B) there were no economic depressions.
C) most Americans were content to remain where they were.
D) the national bank successfully managed the economy.
E) the slave issue was resolved.

145)The addition of Florida to the nation was due largely to
A) the military conquests of Andrew Jackson within the territory.
B) the Missouri Compromise.
C) the American cession of California to Spain.
D) the debts of the Spanish government.
E) the huge influx of American settlers into the peninsula.

146)The Black Belt was
A) the area where most blacks were settled.
B) an area of dark, rotted limestone soil that was excellent for cotton.
C) a burned-over region in upstate New York.
D) the dark swamps of southern Georgia and northern Florida.
E) the tobacco-growing region of central Georgia.

147)In the American mind of the 1820s, the Far West was seen as
A) the great American desert.
B) a wooded region like the Northeast.
C) a paradise on earth.
D) rich farmland ready to be settled.
E) the solution to the relocation of displaced Indian tribes.

148)The Panic of 1819
A) brought a halt to western expansion for decades.
B) convinced the West that the national bank was a sound institution.
C) did little to change American attitudes toward growth and expansion.
D) removed the national bank as a political issue.
E) prompted large numbers of easterners to pick up and move west.

149) The Missouri crisis, which was settled by a compromise in 1820, was significant because it was a sign of sectional crisis and because it
A) revealed how strong pro-slavery attitudes were.
B) revealed how deep anti-slavery attitudes were.
C) stood in such sharp contrast to the rising American nationalism of the 1820s.
D) involved most of the major politicians of the day.
E) slowed the future admission of new states.

150) The lasting significance of Gibbons v. Ogden was that it
A) opened the way for steamboat travel on the Mississippi.
B) confirmed the federal government power to regulate commerce.
C) made peace between the Court and the Adams administration.
D) ruled that contracts could easily be violated.
E) freed transportation systems from restraints by the states.

151) The decisions of the Marshall Court
A) established the primacy of the federal government in regulating the economy.
B) gave strength to the doctrine of states' rights.
C) destroyed what was left of Hamiltonian federalism.
D) opened the way for an increased federal role in promoting economic growth.
E) established the primacy of the federal government in regulating the economy and opened the way for an increased federal role in promoting economic growth.

152) The Monroe Doctrine
A) allowed the United States to invade Latin American countries.
B) established American preeminence in the Western Hemisphere.
C) was completely divorced from American foreign policies in Europe.
D) had nothing to do with American domestic policies.
E) asserted US interest throughout the Western Hemisphere and balanced European intervention.

153) The charge of a "corrupt bargain" was raised when
A) Clay supported Adams for the presidency and was appointed secretary of state.
B) Jackson promised to reward his supporters if he won.
C) Adams won with the support of southern planters.
D) the Republican caucus threw its support to Adams.
E) Adams privately promised southern Congressmen he would not opposed an all-slave westward expansion.

154) Adams's nationalistic program, which was a lot like Clay's American System, was not funded because
A) the nation could not afford it.
B) business opposed it.
C) western interests opposed it.
D) Jackson's supporters in Congress voted against it.
E) Daniel Webster opposed it and led a filibuster.

155) In his victory in 1828, Jackson drew his greatest support from the
A) South and the West.
B) New England region and the Southeast.
C) Middle Atlantic states and the Old Northwest.
D) South and the Middle Atlantic states.
E) New England and the Middle Atlantic.

156)An attempt by the British to shut down interchange of revolutionary ideas by levying a tax on speech.
A)Matthew Carey
B)Stamp Act
C)Poor Richard’s Almanac
D)Horace Greely
E)Postage Tax

157) Benjamin Franklin’s popular publication that typifies the ‘new media’ of the period through which ideas spread throughout the colonies.
A)Matthew Carey
B)Stamp Act
C)Poor Richard’s Almanac
D)Horace Greely
E)Postage Tax

158) Represents the expansion of information publication, American newspaper editor who is known especially for his vigorous articulation of the North’s antislavery sentiments.
A)Matthew Carey
B)Stamp Act
C)Poor Richard’s Almanac
D)Horace Greely
E)Postage Tax

159) His publishing house helped spread anti-slavery, pro-growth, and related writing and thought in the ante-bellum period.
A)Matthew Carey
B)Stamp Act
C)Poor Richard’s Almanac
D)Horace Greely
E)Postage Tax

160)Polk’s increase in this was not only a revenue grab but an effort to control speech in the country.
A)Matthew Carey
B)Stamp Act
C)Poor Richard’s Almanac
D)Horace Greely
E)Postage Tax

161) a legend that is likely a composite character based on a number of women who carried water
to the troops (presumably in a pitcher), either for them to drink, or to cool down the cannons.
Some historians believe her story is based on that of Mary Ludwig Hays
A)Sally St Clair
B)Hannah Griffitts
C)Deborah Samson
D)Molly Pitcher
E)Sybil Ludington

162) rode 40 miles through the villages of Putnam County, New York, knocking on farmhouse doors
to warn militiamen that British troops were on their way to Danbury, Connecticut
A)Sally St Clair
B)Hannah Griffitts
C)Deborah Samson
D)Molly Pitcher
E)Sybil Ludington

163) South Carolina woman of African and French ancestry, who passed as a man and served
as a gunner in the Continental army until she was killed in action in the Battle of Savannah
A)Sally St Clair
B)Hannah Griffitts
C)Deborah Samson
D)Molly Pitcher
E)Sybil Ludington

164) served in the Continental Army as Private Robert Shurtleff for over a year;
when her gender was discovered, she was honorably discharged and granted a veteran's pension by the state of Massachusetts
A)Sally St Clair
B)Hannah Griffitts
C)Deborah Samson
D)Molly Pitcher
E)Sybil Ludington

165) wrote verses urging Pennsylvania women to boycott British goods.
A)Sally St Clair
B)Hannah Griffitts
C)Deborah Samson
D)Molly Pitcher
E)Sybil Ludington

148 – 165 A 130 – 147 B 112 – 129 C 94 – 111 D